Susan 3ric Super Brougham
The Susan 3ric may sound odd, but it simply fuses the Subaru 360 and Nissan Cedric 430 together in one car!
The front section is taken from the Subaru 360 and the rear section is taken from the Nissan Cedric 430.
The fusion of these two cars was born out of the necessity to cut costs and both manufacturers combined forces, combining the best of both cars into this new Susan 3ric. Subaru and Nissan deemed it a good idea to combine the front of a sedan and the rear of a hardtop sedan.
The Susan 3ric combines the late 60s and late showa. The Subaru 360 is one of the most iconic cars from the 1960s in Japan. The Japanese adored the looks of the car very much and unsurprisingly it received the nickname ‘ladybug’. Outside Japan the car didn’t get a similar praise and even though 10000 units were shipped and sold in the US: safety test revealed a small Subaru 360 could not withstand a collision with normal sized American cars well. This naturally gave the Subaru 360 a bad image and sales plummeted.
During this period most buyers of the Cedric would have been rich industrialists, while ten years later most second hand buyers would have been youngsters who were into zokusha.
Susan 3ric – Chassis and Suspension
The Susan 3ric has 4 doors and the total length of the car is 4129mm. Due to being a hybrid between a coupe up front and a sedan in the rear, the wheelbase is now extra long, measuring 2702mm in total. The weight of the car also changed from 410 kilograms (Subaru 360) and 1360 kilograms (Nissan Cedric 430) to 1046 kilograms (2307 pounds).
|Number of doors||4|
|Front suspension||Trailing arms|
|Rear suspension||rigid link coil|
|Front wheels||10 inch steel rims, 4.8×10 tires|
|Rear wheels||14 inch steel rims, 185SR14 tires|
Engine and drivetrain
|Gearbox||5 speed manual|
This 3ric is ultra light weight: no engine to put pounds to the scale. The plus side is that you now have a trunk and a frunk, the down side is that your power to weight ratio is infinite. It’s a shame as in the opposite configuration it would have featured the EK32F and the L28E engines.
Super Brougham trim level
The Super Brougham mixes the best out of the Subaru 360 Super Deluxe and the Nissan Cedric 280E Brougham.
The best feature of the Deluxe model has to be the added dash mounted handlebar, just as if it was necessary to brace yourself for take off! Brougham was the highest trim possible on the Cedric.
The front axle features a set of torsion bar trailing arms. Even though it’s a common thing to have trailing arms on independent rear suspension setups, this actually is very unusual to be used at the front. The trailing arms of the 360 were connected to a transverse torsion bar that were connected to a coil spring. This is also a very unusual use of torsion bars, but it was the only solution possible for a narrow car as the 360. The car was also a frequent guest in Japanese police series, mostly shown as a boss-car or a patrol car.
The original front: Subaru 360
This particular model of the Subaru 360 was sold in 1968. The body style is a door sedan.
After the second world war the Nakajima Aircraft Company was broken up by the allied occupation government and part of it separated as Fuji Sangyo. This new company made the Fuji Rabbit scooters out of spare aircraft parts leftover from the war. In 1950 the company was split up into even smaller companies and five of these companies decided to merge into Fuji Heavy Industries, the current holding for Subaru. Fuji Heavy Industries decided post-war Japan was in need for cars and decided to develop a full sized sedan named the Subaru 1500, also known as the P-1. The P-1 proved a too big step for a new company: it was too complex and the supply of parts was difficult to manage.
Subaru gets a 360 degree turn!
In 1956 the Subaru 360 was developed as the second car by Fuji Heavy Industries. Unlike the Subaru 1500, the 360 was mostly designed as a simple and cheap car to and this was also it’s success! By the late 1950s the Japanese economy was on the rise and the new generation eagerly wanted to buy luxury goods like televisions, refrigerators and cars. A small and cheap car like the Subaru 360 was just at the right time at the right place.
The Subaru 360 ad campaign
The Subaru 360 mostly sold itself as the demand for small and cheap cars was on the rise in the late 1950s, however by the mid 1960s there was plenty of supply by other manufacturers, most families already owned a car and Subaru had to attract new customer through advertising.
Where Subaru put families on the cover of their Subaru 360 brochures in the early 1960s, by the end of the decade it was now was put in the brochures as an adventurous car with lots of motion pictures of fast driving 360s, young men and women posing in front of it and in magazine advertising young women even posed next to it with machine guns! Now that’s some guerilla marketing!
The Subaru 360 in popular media
The Subaru 360 is most renowned for it’s appearance in various manga and anime series like You’re Under Arrest, GetBackers and Pokémon. It’s also frequently seen in any Japanese movie flashbacking to the Showa era as the car had such a cultural impact. Nowadays the Subaru 360 has almost become extinct on the Japanese roads and the only place you can spot them is nearby classic car shows.
Rough and Ready: A 1968 Subaru 360 Custom by Wasabi Cars
The original rear: Nissan Cedric 430
This particular model of the Nissan Cedric 430 was sold in 1981. The body style is a door hardtop sedan.
After the Nissan-Prince merger the Nissan Cedric and Prince Gloria were basically their direct competitors. As both Prince and Nissan kept their own separate dealerships (only the Prince name got replaced on the cars itself), the Gloria lineup was kept. Starting from the third generation Cedric (230) the Gloria joined and shared the platform, engines, trim and most body panels. This meant that the two cars were visually almost the same and are sometimes hard to distinguish from each other. The fifth Cedric (430) was no exception to this and the most obvious difference between the Cedric and Gloria of this generation are the different grilles and crests.
The Nissan Cedric 430 ad campaign
The Cedric is coined by actor Hideaki Nitani (二谷英明), who is most famous for the leading role in the movie Tokyo Drifter. As Hideaki Nitani is a distinguished actor, he has to emphasize the luxury and class of the Cedric.
The Nissan Cedric 430 in popular media
The Cedric was a popular police chase car in the various cop series throughout the 70s and 80s in Japan. Especially Seibu Keisatsu (西部警察, Western Police) was renowned for their police car scrapping schemes throughout the final car chases during each episode.
Mint Original: 1981 Nissan Gloria VIP Brougham Jack Nicklaus Edition (430) by Wasabi Cars
The Susan 3ric certainly is a daring product by combining two cars from two different manufacturers. It really took guts from Subaru and Nissan to come to this consensus and that’s certainly something to be remembered for. It may not be 100% up to the tastes of typical buyers from Subaru or Nissan, but the car being sold under the brand could potentially attract new customers that they normally wouldn’t have had.
Keep in mind that this is an automatically generated artist impression what could be a possible mashup between the Subaru 360 and the Nissan Cedric. This is not meant to offend any person nor mock a specific car or car brand as all cars and car brands in our database are mashed up randomly. The gods of randomization feel that this was the proper hommage to both cars and highlighting their strong and weak points. In the end, just imagine this newly created car was a real thing and existed out of cost saving necessity. This isn’t the first time such a thing happened, hence we now have to live with the Toyoscionbaru BRZFR-SGT86 and soon with the ToyoBMW Z4Supra.
If you like this mashup and you want to spend some more time with it, you can play around with these before and after image sliders and do your own car mashup:
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